The Starling Research Center

This collection of studies, articles, and books represents just some of the 30+ years of university research that influenced the creation of the Starling.

The Power of Talk: Impact of Adult Talk, Conversational Turns, and TV

Jill Gilkerson & Jeffrey Richards

After collecting data on conversations between parents and their children, LENA was able to conclude that the best thing a parent can do for their baby’s brain development is to talk with them. LENA’s report delivers the findings from their study and highlights the determining factors in a family’s daily word count.

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Benefits, Costs, and Explanation of the High/Scope Perry Preschool Program

Lawrence Schweinhart

The High/Scope Perry Preschool Study is a study of the effects of a high-quality preschool program for children born in poverty. It found evidence of preschool program effects on children’s readiness for school and their subsequent educational success, economic success in early adulthood, and reduced number of criminal arrests throughout their lives.

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The Science of Early Childhood Development

National Scientific Council on the Developing Child

This review of the scientific community’s understanding of early childhood brain development outlines broadly accepted theories about development, and makes research-based policy and practice suggestions.

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The Benefits and Cost of Investing in Early Childhood Education

Robery Lynch & Kavya Vaghul

This study describes and analyzes the costs and benefits of one specific educational initiative: public investment in a voluntary, high-quality universal prekindergarten education program made available to all 3- and 4-year-old children across the United States. It finds that such an investment is one of the best things a country can do for sustainable economic growth.

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The Economics Of Early Childhood Investments

Executive Office of the President of the United States

The executive report from the White House details the broader economic and societal impact of early childhood education in the U.S. It calls for increased investment in the expansion of early childhood education programs nationwide.

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Enrollment in Childcare and Pre-School

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

This paper presents the differences between OECD countries in early childhood education programs. It demonstrates how far behind the American system is in terms of formal programming.

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Expenditures on Children by Families

Mark Lino

Since 1960, the U.S. Department of Agriculture has provided estimates of expenditures on children from birth through age 17. This technical report presents the most recent estimates for husband-wife and single-parent families using data from the 2005-06 Consumer Expenditure Survey, updated to 2013 dollars using the Consumer Price Index.

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Individual Differences in Lexical Processing at 18 Months Predict Vocabulary Growth in Typically Developing and Late-Talking Toddlers

Anne Fernald & Virginia Marchman

Fernald and Marchman conduct research on typically developing and late talking toddlers to try and find a link between language processing and vocabulary growth. They found that late talkers who showed early processing efficiency experienced a vocabulary boom as they grew older, proving that early language processing is an important indicator of language development.

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Sharing Books with Infants and Toddlers: Facing the Challenges

Barbara Kupetz & Elise Green

Kupetz and Green published this article in 1997 to discuss common challenges parents face when trying to read to their child and provides possible solutions to these challenges in an attempt to make reading feel like an easier task for families. It includes guidelines for reading as well as tips for selecting appropriate books for infants and toddlers.

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Four-Month-Old Infants Prefer to Listen to Motherese

Anne Fernald

After conducting a study on infant responsiveness to “motherese,” Dr. Anne Fernald discovered that babies prefer the higher register and style of motherese as opposed to adult-directed speech. Fernald discusses the benefits of this style of speech and its effect on a child’s brain development.

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Development of Fetal Hearing

Peter Hepper & Sara Shahidullah

This article discusses technical aspects of fetal auditory development. The authors tie in physical development with the importance of in utero exposure to language and sound, particularly noting that because human speech is generally at a low frequency, which is the level a fetus is most sensitive to, human voices are a salient auditory stimulus for an unborn child.

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