Enrollment in Childcare and Pre-School

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development


This paper presents information on the use of childcare and pre-primary education services by children under school age across OECD countries. Because in most OECD countries the type and usage of services differs by child age, the information presented in this indicator is generally separated into usage among children aged between 0 and 2 and usage among children aged between 3 and 5. The child’s third birthday is used as the breakpoint because it is at this age that children are able to move into pre-primary education in most – although not all – OECD countries (see indicator PF4.1). This indicator captures usage through four measures: participation rates for 0-2 year olds in formal childcare and pre-school services, average hours in formal care during a usual week for 0-2 year olds who use formal childcare and pre-school services, full-time equivalent (FTE) participation rates for 0-2 year olds in formal childcare and preschool services and participation rates for 3-5 year olds in pre-primary education.

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